πŸ’° TCSJOHNHUXLEY pioneers new Roulette Wheel Technology - Casino Review

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The secrets behind what makes roulette wheel spins predictable. This particular capability is used by casinos to make roulette wheel bias Huxley Starburst: Triangular pockets that help deflect the ball either one way or.


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TCS John Huxley used last week's ICE London to debut two new table The ease of moving a roulette wheel around the gaming floor on its own mobile platform is also a major benefit for operators and maintenance staff.


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TCS John Huxley used last week's ICE London to debut two new table The ease of moving a roulette wheel around the gaming floor on its own mobile platform is also a major benefit for operators and maintenance staff.


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TCS John Huxley used last week's ICE London to debut two new table The ease of moving a roulette wheel around the gaming floor on its own mobile platform is also a major benefit for operators and maintenance staff.


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John Huxley roulette wheels will set you back a pretty penny if you buy one new but you can actually pick up a used one for a fairly modest price on eBay; If you look after it, it really doesn't need any maintenance but if you leave it in a shed.


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Such an automatic roulette wheel assembly may be used to provide a or stator, by one or more bearings so that the roulette wheel 2 is able to.


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In such embodiments the control system 5 may provide signals to the betting apparatus indicating, or based upon, the timing of the launching of a roulette ball into the wheel bowl 9.

The present invention relates to a roulette wheel apparatus, and in particular to a ball launcher for use in roulette wheel apparatus and roulette wheel apparatus comprising the ball launcher. Accordingly, each slot compartment 6 defines an aperture passing entirely through the roulette wheel 2.

Such a fully automatic roulette wheel assembly may be used to provide a game of roulette without requiring any human operator, either in a casino or remotely, for example with the game being viewed and bets placed by, and winnings paid to, players via an electronic interface and over the Internet.

The wheels 15 and 16 are connected to respective wheel drive motors 15 a and 16 a arranged to rotate the wheels 15 and 16 in respective opposite directions at predetermined speeds as instructed by the control system 5 so that the rotation of the wheels 15 and 16 tends to pull a roulette ball into and through the nip 17 and fire the roulette ball out from between the wheels 15 and 16 in a selected one of the two opposite firing directions 14 a and 14 b and into one of the ball transport tubes 12 and The drive motors 15 a and 16 a can rotate each of the wheels 15 and 16 in both directions, and the directions of rotation of the wheels 15 and 16 will determine which direction 14 a and 14 b the roulette ball is fired in.

As is shown in FIG. Then, after the slot compartment 6 in which the roulette ball is retained has been determined, the ball recovery mechanism 20 operates under the control of the control system 5 to remove the roulette ball from killer software roulette slot compartment 6 and return it to the ball launching mechanism 10 so that it can be launched again in a later game of roulette.

Preferably, there is little or no discontinuity or step where the roulette ball passes out of the end the tube 12 or 13 and into the wheel bowl 9.

Each of the transport tubes 12 and 13 extends from the ball firer 11 to the wheel bowl 9 and enters the wheel bowl 9 through a respective opening 12 a and 13 a in the raised outer rim 9 b.

A drive motor 4 is also mounted on the wheel base 3. The annular surface 7 is marked with a plurality of spaced different coloured numbered sectors 7 a arranged so that each coloured numbered sector 7 a is adjacent to a corresponding one of the slot compartments 6.

Each slot compartment 6 has a length extending in a radial direction relative to the axis of rotation of the roulette wheel 2 and a width extending circumferentially relative to the axis of rotation of the roulette wheel 2.

In some embodiments the openings 12 a and 13 a in the raised outer rim 9 b where the transport tubes 12 and 13 enter the wheel bowl 9 may be located in a surface of the outer rim 9 b above the upper edge of the sloping surface 9 a of the wheel bowl 9 where the sloping surface 9 a of the wheel bowl 9 contacts the vertical raised outer rim 9 bso that a roulette ball moving in a circle around the wheel bowl 9 at the upper edge of the inclined surface 9 a and in contact with the raised outer rim 9 b will not come into contact with the openings 12 a and 13 a.

In the illustrated embodiment the plate 8 extends across substantially the whole area of the roulette wheel 2. The roulette ball will then roulette meaning in english around the wheel bowl 9 during the spin cycle, gradually slowing due to friction and air resistance, until the drop occurs and the roulette ball moves under the influence of gravity downwardly and inwardly across the inwardly sloping surfaces 9 a and 7 of the wheel bowl 9 and the roulette wheel 2and ultimately enters and is retained by one of the slot compartments 6.

In some examples the drive motor 4 may drive the roulette wheel 2 directly, while in other examples the drive used huxley roulette wheel maintenance 4 may drive the roulette wheel 2 through a drive mechanism. The wheel base 3 comprises a substantially horizontal plate 8 arranged underneath the roulette wheel 2.

Then, the ball launching mechanism 10 launches a roulette ball into the wheel bowl 9 in the opposite direction to the direction of rotation of the roulette wheel 2with the roulette ball having a speed and a spin selected by the control system 5.

Used huxley roulette wheel maintenance roulette wheel 2 has a plurality of equally sized and shaped slot compartments 6 arranged circumferentially around the roulette wheel 2. In one embodiment the plate 8 may extend across only the annular region below the slot compartments 6 of the roulette wheel 2.

The upper face of the horizontal plate 8 is substantially flat, at least in the areas of the horizontal plate 8 lying beneath the slot compartments 6 of the roulette wheel 2. The ball firer 11 is able to fire the roulette ball in either of two opposite directions into a selected one used huxley roulette wheel maintenance the ball transport tubes 12 and 13as indicated by the arrows 14 a and 14 b.

It has previously been proposed to provide an automatic roulette wheel assembly comprising a roulette wheel rotated by a motor, a ball firer to fire a roulette ball onto the rotating wheel so that it will land in a random slot compartment, and a return mechanism to return the ball from the slot in which lands back to the firing mechanism.

The roulette wheel 2 further comprises a sloped annular surface 7 located around an outer circumferential edge of the roulette wheel 2 so that the sloped annular surface 7 is located radially outwardly from the slot compartments 6.

In another aspect, the invention provides a roulette wheel apparatus comprising a rotatable roulette wheel having a plurality of roulette ball receiving pockets and located in a wheel bowl; and a ball recovery mechanism adapted to recover a roulette ball from a pocket of the roulette wheel; wherein the pockets of the roulette wheel have no bottoms and a ball supporting surface is provided underneath the roulette wheel, the ball recovery mechanism comprising a moveable member coplanar with the supporting surface and arranged for selective movement between a first position where the moveable member will support a roulette ball located in a pocket and a second position where the moveable member will not support a roulette ball located in a pocket.

Any such discontinuity could cause the roulette ball to jump or skip undesirably on entering the wheel bowl 9. Accordingly, it is desirable that the return mechanism does not noticeably affect the movement of the ball.

In such embodiments the control system. In some embodiments the drive motor 4 may be an AC electric motor, or low voltage DC electric motor, a stepper motor, used huxley roulette wheel maintenance a compressed air motor. The wheel bowl 9 is fixed relative to the wheel base 3and the roulette wheel 2 is arranged to rotate within the fixed wheel bowl 9.

Users playing the game place bets of various types based on which of the slot compartments the ball lands in with the croupier, and when the ball has come to rest the croupier pays out any winnings to the users as necessary.

The wheels 15 and 16 are resiliently, or spring, mounted and are separated by a distance slightly smaller than the diameter of a roulette ball so that the wheels 15 and 16 mutually define a gap or nip 17 between them. Such dirt or objects could affect the rotation of the roulette wheel 2. In such embodiments the control system 5 may provide signals to the betting apparatus indicating which one of the slot compartments 6 the roulette ball is retained in.

In some embodiments the betting apparatus and payment apparatus may allow users to place bets and be paid any winnings remotely, for example over a communications network such as the Internet.

The period when a roulette ball travels around the upper outer edge of the inwardly sloping wheel bowl 9 between the roulette ball being launched into the wheel bowl 9 and the roulette ball beginning its descent towards the roulette wheel 2 is commonly referred to as the spin cycle.

The real game of roulette is played using a rotating wheel having a plurality of appropriately numbered and coloured slot compartments around its circumference. Each slot compartments 6 is large enough that a roulette ball can pass through the aperture defined by the slot compartment 6.

Traditionally, the roulette wheel is set rotating manually and the roulette ball is manually propelled onto the rotating wheel by a croupier running a roulette game. As can be seen in FIG. A roulette ball travelling around the wheel bowl 9 in this way will gradually slow due to friction and air resistance, and will eventually move inwardly across the wheel bowl 9 and roulette wheel 2 until it lands in and is retained by one of the slot compartments 6.

The inwardly sloping annular surface 9 a is arranged so that it tends to direct a roulette ball radially inwardly towards the roulette wheel 2and the raised source used huxley roulette wheel maintenance 9 b is arranged to prevent a roulette ball escaping from the wheel bowl 9.

Embodiments of the invention will are described by way of example with reference to the accompanying diagrammatic figures, in which:. The separation distance spacing the roulette wheel 2 from the plate 8 is preferably small in order to minimise the risk of dirt or small items entering the space between the roulette wheel 2 and the plate 8.

If it were possible for a user to predict which slot compartment the ball is likely to end up being retained by, even approximately, when placing a bet, this would invalidate the probability calculations underpinning the game and allow that user to reduce or eliminate the house percentage providing profit to the game operator.

It has previously been further proposed to provide a fully automatic roulette wheel assembly by providing such an automatic roulette wheel assembly together with means to identify the slot compartment in which the ball lands, and means for users to place bets and receive any winnings.

The wheel bowl 9 may include one or more ball deflectors projecting from the annular surface 9 a. The part of each of the transport tubes 12 and 13 close to the respective openings 12 a and 13 a in the raised outer rim 9 b are arranged to be substantially straight and aligned substantially tangential to an inner surface of the raised outer rim 9 b so that a roulette ball exiting from a transport tube 12 or 13 is launched smoothly onto the raised outer rim 9 b of the wheel bowl 9.

The ball firer 11 can be instructed by the control system 5 to fire the roulette ball in the desired direction, and as a result the roulette ball from the ball firer 11 will be directed along a selected one of the ball transport tubes 12 and The ball transport tubes 12 and 13 are circular in cross-section and have a substantially constant internal diameter slightly larger than the diameter of a roulette ball so that a roulette ball travelling along a ball transport tube 12 or 13 will travel smoothly without excessive friction.

The plate 8 is spaced apart from the bottom of the roulette wheel 2 so that the roulette wheel 2 can rotate used huxley roulette wheel maintenance without contacting the plate 8.

Such an automatic roulette wheel assembly may be used to provide a game of roulette operated by a croupier taking bets and paying out winnings in a casino. In some source the roulette wheel 2 may be provided with handles.

In the illustrated embodiment the transport tube 12 will launch a roulette ball into the wheel bowl 9 a in a clockwise direction while the transport tube 13 will launch a roulette ball into the wheel bowl 9 a in an anticlockwise direction.

Although the nip 17 defined between the wheels 15 and 16 is smaller than the diameter of the roulette ballbecause the wheels 15 and 16 are resiliently mounted they are able to move to allow the roulette ball to pass between them.

In embodiments where the roulette wheel assembly 1 is being used to play roulette by remote users only, this may not be required because the visibility of the remote users is restricted to the fields of view of any provided cameras, and of course remote users cannot access the roulette wheel assembly 1 in any event.

The transport tubes 12 and 13 enter the wheel bowl 9 a from mutually opposed rotational directions. Accordingly, the direction with which the roulette ball is launched into the wheel bowl 9 can be controlled by the control system 5 controlling the direction of rotation of the wheels 15 and 16and the speed with which the roulette ball is launched into the wheel bowl 9 and the direction and speed of any spin of the roulette ball can be controlled by the control system 5 appropriately selecting the speeds of rotation of the used huxley roulette wheel maintenance wheels 15 and

The betting apparatus may use these signals to determine which bets by users are winning bets. In other embodiments, one, some, or all of the functions of receiving bets, identifying winning bets, and paying out winnings, may be carried out manually by a croupier. An overview of the operations of the roulette wheel assembly 1 under the control of the control system 5 in order to provide an automatic game of roulette is as follows. The control system 5 uses these position signals to determine when the roulette ball has come to rest and to identify which one of the slot compartments 6 the roulette ball has come to rest and been retained in. When used to play roulette, the roulette wheel assembly 1 will usually be mounted on a table so that the bottom of the roulette wheel assembly 1 is not visible or accessible to users. The point when the roulette ball begins its descent towards the roulette wheel 2 is commonly referred to as the drop. When a roulette ball is located in a slot compartment 6 the roulette ball contacts an upper surface of the plate 8 through the bottomless slot compartment 6 and is supported by the plate 8. In some examples where a drive mechanism is provided, this may comprise a gearbox. In alternative embodiments the plate 8 may extend across only a part of the region below the roulette wheel 2. In such embodiments allowing remote betting and payment the automatic roulette system may also comprise one or more cameras to allow remote users to view the roulette wheel assembly 1. Accordingly, it is desirable to ensure that the slot compartment in which the roulette ball comes to rest is both random and unpredictable. The betting apparatus may use these signals to determine when to stop taking new bets on a game of roulette from users. It is important in the game of roulette that the roulette ball ends its movement by being retained in a random and unpredictable slot compartment, and that the confidence of users that this is the case is maintained. This is a particular problem if users are allowed to observe the game and place bets remotely, because it is possible for remote users to measure and analyse the movement of the roulette ball in ways which would not be permitted if they were actually present in a casino, for example, the use of a computer using image analysis software to measure ball movement and velocity and predict the likely future ball trajectory. The views of FIGS. These ball deflectors may be shaped and arranged similarly to those used in conventional roulette wheels. Accordingly, the ball launching mechanism 10 can launch the roulette ball into the wheel bowl 9 a in either direction as desired by the ball firer 11 firing the roulette ball into the correct one of the transport tubes 12 and Accordingly, the control system 5 can control the direction in which the roulette ball 10 is launched into the wheel bowl 9. In order to allow automatic operation of the roulette wheel assembly 1 to play roulette, the roulette wheel assembly 1 further comprises a ball launching mechanism 10 , a ball recovery mechanism 20 , and at least one ball position sensor The ball launching mechanism 10 , ball recovery mechanism 20 , and ball position sensor 30 all operate under the control of the control system 7. The roulette wheel 2 and wheel bowl 9 are arranged so that a roulette ball travelling relatively quickly around the wheel bowl 9 will travel around the upper outer edge of the inwardly sloping wheel bowl 9 , being retained within the wheel bowl 9 by the raised outer rim 9 b. The sloped annular surface 7 is arranged to slope downward in a radially inward direction so that the annular surface 7 tends to direct a roulette ball inwardly towards the slot compartments 6. As is well known, in the game of roulette users or players place various bets which are based on which of the slot compartments 6 the roulette ball is finally retained in. It is important in the game of roulette that it is not possible for a user to predict which of the slot compartments the ball will end up being retained by. The roulette wheel apparatus 1 comprises a roulette wheel 2 , or rotor, supported on a wheel base 3 , or stator, by one or more bearings so that the roulette wheel 2 is able to rotate relative to the supporting wheel base 3 about a substantially vertical axis of rotation. Firstly, the motor 4 drives the roulette wheel 2 to rotate with a direction selected by the control system 5. The wheel and slot compartments are shaped and arranged so that a roulette ball propelled onto the rotating wheel will land in a random one of the slot compartments and be retained in the slot compartment. In a first aspect, the invention provides a roulette wheel apparatus comprising: a rotatable roulette wheel located in a wheel bowl; and a ball launcher adapted to launch a roulette ball into the wheel bowl with a predetermined variable launch speed; wherein the ball launcher comprises at least one rotatable element adapted to accelerate a roulette ball in contact with the rotatable element. In some embodiments the roulette wheel assembly 1 may be incorporated into an automatic roulette system together with betting apparatus to automatically receive bets placed by users, means to identify winning bets among the placed bets, and payment apparatus allowing users to be paid any winnings. As is explained above, the direction in which the roulette ball is launched into the wheel bowl 9 is determined by which of the transport tubes 12 and 13 the roulette ball is directed into, which in turn is determined by the directions of rotation of the wheels 15 and 16 selected by the control system 5. The roulette wheel 2 is surrounded by a wheel bowl 9 having an inwardly sloping annular surface 9 a with a raised vertical outer rim 9 b. The number of slot compartments 6 and coloured numbered sectors 7 a will depend upon the type of roulette which the roulette wheel 2 is intended to be used to play. The stopping of taking new bets on a game of roulette is generally referred to as closing the game. In the first embodiment the ball launching mechanism 10 comprises a ball firer 11 , and a pair of ball transport tubes 12 and 13 arranged on opposite sides of the ball launcher The ball firer 11 is arranged to launch the roulette ball into a selected one of the ball transport tubes 12 and 13 with a predetermined speed and spin, as instructed by the control system 5. The ball position sensor 30 determines the position of the roulette ball in a slot compartment 6 , and provides signals identifying this position to the control system 5. Each slot compartment 6 has a width which is greater at its radially outer end than at its radially inner end so that the plurality of slot compartments 6 form an annulus. The drive motor 4 is arranged to be able to drive the roulette wheel 2 in order to rotate the roulette wheel 2 in either direction relative to the wheel base 3. The drive motor 4 , and where present, the drive mechanism, operate under the control of a control system 5 to rotate the roulette wheel 2 in a selected direction at a selected speed. Traditionally a roulette game is closed after the roulette ball has been launched into the wheel bowl 9 , during the spin cycle.